Insomnia is a condition where people have trouble sleeping. This can be because they have difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up early. It’s not just something that happens to old people, but it becomes more common as you get older. About 10-48% of people have insomnia, and it affects around 5% of elderly people each year.
All age groups with insomnia show memory problems, like reaction time, short-term memory, and lowered efficacy. However, insomnia is more of a problem for elderly people. Elderly people with insomnia are more likely to fall, have cognitive issues, be weak physically, and die sooner than people without insomnia. Sleep disorders also make peoples’ lives worse and cost more money because they cause stress and depression.
Treating insomnia usually involves using both medicines and non-medicines. There is not much good information about whether non-medicine methods are better than control groups at treating insomnia. The same is true for the benefits of medicinal treatments compared to control groups. However, the National Institutes of Health has said that drugs used to treat sleep disorders have more risks than benefits and are not recommended for elderly people. This is primarily a concern for elderly people since 81% of hypnotic drugs are used daily or long-term.
This is because the total magnesium level in the body reduces as people get older. This happens because there is a decrease in bone mass, which is the primary source of Magnesium in the body.
Despite this, it has been shown that magnesium requirements do not change with age. Other alterations in magnesium metabolism related to aging are reduced magnesium intake, reduced intestinal uptake, increased urinal and fecal excretion, and drug-induced.
However, reduced magnesium intake seems to have the most prominent role in age-related magnesium deficiency. Elderly people tend to have less dietary Magnesium than recommended levels. 95% of subjects studied failed to meet recommended levels.
Magnesium is a mineral that is important for the body. It helps with 300 biochemical reactions, including energy metabolism and neurotransmitter synthesis. Magnesium is also a cofactor for many enzymatic reactions.
Magnesium is essential for the function of ion channels, which are important for transmitting signals in the brain. Magnesium is also vital for connecting monoamines (like serotonin) to their receptors. This means that Magnesium has a key role in regulating neural transmission at a cellular level.
Several studies have also shown that Magnesium plays a role in regulating central nervous system excitability. This suggests that Magnesium may help treat insomnia. The present study is conducted to determine if magnesium supplementation can help improve insomnia in elderly people.
46 elderly people were studied in a double-blind, randomized trial. They were either given Magnesium or a placebo for 8 weeks and then filled out questionnaires about their insomnia severity, physical activity, and sleep habits. Blood samples were also taken from baseline, and after 8 weeks
The study found that the magnesium group had better sleep quality than the placebo group. They also found from the blood samples that the magnesium group had lower cortisol levels (a hormone related to stress) and higher levels of melatonin (a hormone related to sleep).
Magnesium supplementation seems to help improve how well elderly people sleep. This includes how long they sleep, how quickly they fall asleep, and how often they wake up early in the morning. It also seems to help improve measures of things like hormone levels and concentration in elderly people